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The National Pollution Control Day is celebrated every year on 2nd of December in India in order to give the honor and memorialize the thousands of human beings who had lost their existence because of the Bhopal gas calamity. Bhopal gas tragedy was happened in the night of 2nd and 3rd December in the year 1984 because of the unintentional discharge of the poisonous chemical known as Methyl Isocyanate (also called MIC) as well as some other chemicals released from the Union Carbide Chemical Plant positioned in the city.

According to the report, more than 500,000 people (of which around 2259 were died immediately) were exposed to the poisonous gas of MIC. Later, it was declared by the government of Madhya Pradesh that around 3,787 deaths were related to the gas tragedy. In the next 72 hours, around 8,000 to 10,000 people were died whereas around 25,000 people were died later because of the gas-related diseases. It was identified as the biggest industrial pollution disaster of the history worldwide which needed serious preventive measures suddenly in order to stay away from such type of disaster in the future.

National Pollution Control Day 2018 or National Pollution Prevention Day would be celebrated on Sunday, 2nd of December.

It will be celebrated by spreading awareness among people regarding how to fight and prevent pollution.

Three students from IIT Delhi would be launching their product named as ‘Pollution Net’ on the occasion of National Pollution Control Day on 02nd December.  The net will help to stop the particulate matter ranging from PM 2.5 and PM 10 from entering the house. They also took the help of two professors from the textile department for the invention.

Various awareness programmes are to be organised on 02nd December in educational institutions by the Pollution Control Department. Many government and non-government organisations have join hands to spread the awareness on the ill effects of pollution and how it can be prevented.

Factors of Causing Gas Tragedy

  • Storing MIC in the big tanks in place storing in to many smaller drums.
  • Use of more dangerous chemicals (MIC) in place of lesser ones.
  • Poor preservation of the gas after the stoppage of production in 1980s by the plant.
  • Presence of corroding material in the pipelines
  • Malfunctioning of the various safety systems.
  • Manual dependence for the operations, shortage of expert operators as well as lack of disaster management plans.

Other Tragedies

Other big tragedies in the history of world are:

  • The Three Mile Island tragedy of the year 1979 of the American nuclear power station. It was the big tragedy of the history which occurred at the Nuclear Generating Station of the Three Mile Island in the Dauphin County, Pennsylvania (near the Harrisburg)
  • Another big tragedy of the history was the Chernobyl disaster of the year 1986 in the Ukraine.
  • After Bhopal Gas tragedy in India, the other immediate disaster was the Oleum gas leak which occurred in the Shriram Food & fertilizes Ltd complex in Delhi.

WHY NATIONAL POLLUTION CONTROL DAY IS CELEBRATED

One of the leading factors of celebrating the national pollution control day every year is to manage and control the Industrial Disaster as well as prevention of the pollution (created by the industrial processes or manual negligence) of water, air and soil. Varieties of laws are declared by the Government all over world in order to seriously control and prevent the pollution. National pollution control day is celebrated every year on 2nd of December to make aware the people and most importantly to aware the industries about paying great attention towards the need of Pollution Control Acts.

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GISASS INDIA CORPORATION
Created Date : 2018-12-03 04:05:46