Popularly known as Kisan Diwas, the National Farmers’ Day is a national occasion observed on 23rd December every year. National Farmer’s Day is celebrated in the honor of the former Prime Minister of India Chaudhary Charan Singh. National Farmers’ Day is celebrated across the nation with great enthusiasm and interest. On this day, several debates, events, seminars, functions and competitions around agriculture are organized to celebrate the event.
National Farmers Day or Kisan Diwas is celebrated in the honor of Chaudhary Charan Singh who was the fifth Prime Minister of India. He served the country as Prime Minister for a very short tenure starting from 28th of July 1979 till 14th January 1980. He was a very simple-minded man and led an extremely simple life. During his tenure as the Prime Minister, he introduced many policies to improve the life of Indian farmers. The magnetic personality of Chaudhary Charan Singh and various beneficial policies in the favor of farmers united all the farmers of India against the landlords and moneylenders. He followed the famous slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ given by the 2ndPrime Minister of India. Chaudhary Charan Singh was also a very successful writer and wrote down several books depicting his thoughts on farmers and their problems; he even came out with various solutions to improve the lives of farmers. Chaudhary Charan belonged to the farmer’s family and thus he led an extremely simple life despite being the honorable Prime Minister of India. India is primarily the land of villages and majority of the population living in villages are farmers and agriculture is the main source of income for them. 70% of the Indian population still today thrives on the income generated through cultivation. India witnesses an interesting farming journey.
The green revolution during the 60s evolved in Punjab and Haryana transformed the agricultural picture of the country. This increased the productivity and thus India became self-sufficient in various agro-commodities.
Farmers are the spine of India. The nation of lands, India celebrates Nationals Farmer’s Day every year on 23rdof December to pay honor to the great work done by the farmers of our country.
Chaudhary Charan Singh was the Jat icon and belonged to a peasant family. This was the reason he could relate himself with the issues of the farmers and therefore, he did the best to support them. When he became the Prime Minister of India in July 1979 he made many changes to improve the lives of the farmers. This is also an interesting fact that as the Prime Minister of India, Chaudhary Charan Singh never visited the Lok Sabha. He also served as the Deputy Prime Minister during the reign of Morarji Desai.
He introduced Budget 1979 which was designed to accomplish the needs of the farmers in all respects. It had several policies in favor of Indian farmers. These initiatives of the great Kisan leader boost the confidence of all the farmers and gave them strength to stand together against the landlords and moneylenders. The Agricultural Produce was the famous Market Bill introduced by Chaudhary Charan Singh in the Assembly. The Bill was meant to safeguard the wellbeing of the farmers against the greediness of the dealers and the landlords. The Zamindari Abolition Act was also introduced and enforced by him.
The famous “Kishan Ghat” in New Delhi is dedicated to Chaudhary Charan Singh due to his involvement with the causes related to farmer’s communities in the North. He was an avid writer too and wrote down his thoughts on farmers and problems related to them along with the solutions. Chaudhary Charan Singh died on 29 May 1987.
Born on 23 December, the humble man Chaudhary Charan Singh was also the Kisan (Farmers’) leader. He was a humble and compassionate leader and was highly popular amongst the farmers and thus he was called the Farmer’s leader too. Chaudhary Charan Singh Jayanti or the birth anniversary of Ch. Charan Singh is on December 23. It is observed as Kisan Diwas or Farmer’s day. Since farmers are the backbone of our economy; therefore our nation celebrates Farmers Day in the memory of late Ch. Charan Singh, the ex-Prime Minister of India. He was a farmer himself and led an extremely simple life. Since he belonged to the farmer’s family he made a lot of efforts towards improving the life of Indian farmers. It goes without saying that farmers are the backbone of our society and contribute greatly to the economic development of India. Majority of Indian population live in villages and cultivation is the main source of income for them. Thus, a day dedicated to Indian farmers would not only increase their enthusiasm but would create respect in people’s mind for them.
National Farmer’s Day is celebrated every year in all states and especially in those states which are actively engaged in farming and cultivation such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and others. Members of the farmers and rural community organize various agricultural shows in order to pay tribute to their adored leader. On this day various debates, forums, discussions, quiz, competitions are organized. Several issues related to farmers are discussed and the participants are invited to share and suggest solutions. The state governments utilize this day to introduce new Bills in the favor of farmers if any. The representatives of farmers are also invited to the celebrations and motivated to put across their issues and problems. On National Farmers’ Day, homage is paid to the great and benevolent leaders of the past who were devoted towards the welfare and development of farmers.