India is a country in South Asia. It is the Seventh-Largest country by area and second-largest by population and most populous democracy in the world. India got its independence on August 15th, 1947. It was the day when the Indians got liberated from the rule of the British.
Capital : New Delhi
Area : 32,87,263 sq.km
Area wise in the world : 7th
Official Languages : Hindi
Land Frontier - Coastline : 15,200 km - 7516.5 km
Stretch: 3,214 km N-S : 2,933 km E-W
1- India is the world's largest, oldest, continuous civilization.
2- India is the world's Largest democracy.
3- India never invaded any country in her last 1000 years of history.
4- India invented the number system. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.
5- When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization).
6- There are 300,000 active mosques in India , more than in any other country, including the Muslim world Sanskrit is the mother of all the European Languages . Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software - a report in Forbes magzine July 1987.
7- Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India.
8- India has the second largest pool of Scientist and Engineers in the World.
9- India is the largest English speaking nation in the world.
10- India is the only country other than US and Japan, to have built a super computer indeigenously.
11- India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world.
12- One of the largest employer in the world is the Indian Railways , employing over a million people India was one of the richest countries till the time of British rule in the early 17th Century.
13- Christopher Columbus, attracted by India's wealth, had come looking for a sea route to India when he discovered America by mistake.
14- The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982 The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century, is the world's largest religious pilgrimage destination. Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate $6 million (US) to the temple everyday.
15- Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called "the Ancient City" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C., and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.
16- Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries. Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.
1- The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu.
2- The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name 'Hindustan' combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus.
3- Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.
4- The world's highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level.
5- Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
6- India exports software to 90 countries.
7- Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.
8- Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion.
9- Jews and Christians have lived continuously in India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively.
10- Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar in Punjab. Famous for housing the Golden Temple, the city was founded in 1577.